World leaders have recently had a new meeting, this time in Kigali, Rwanda. Their new plan is to curb hydrofluorocarbons, which are considered to be highly dangerous greenhouse gasses. Specialists are concerned about how fast they warm the atmosphere after being released.
Experts explain the curb on hydrofluorocarbons is a pressing issue. The gasses have a warming effect which outranks that of carbon dioxide. They are up to one thousand six hundred times more powerful than CO2.
Researchers who have been closely watching the phenomenon know how important the reduction of HFCs is. They estimate that if authorities can control these emissions, the global temperature could drop by half a Celsius degree in the next thirty-four years.
HFCs are man-made substances, introduced to replace the even more damaging chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). The latter were used for aerosols, fridges, and other such items. However, researchers discovered that they had a negative influence on the environment, destroying the ozone layer.
One the other hand, HFCs were not made to last. They are just an intermediary phase between damaging gasses and eco-friendly alternatives. Specialists warn that this is the best time for the change, as the global temperatures are on the rise.
Scientists say that they studied the effects of HFCs and concluded that the plan to curb hydrofluorocarbons is the best solution to the current situation. According to them, if a reduction won’t be applied, the effects of HFCs will be more damaging than that of CFCs. Scientists added that these effects would be visible in less than forty years.
Authorities suggest that the reduction of HFCs should be made gradually. Island states are the first to approve the decision. They have been trying to raise awareness on the phenomenon for almost seven years. Since they are surrounded by water, they are directly affected by global warming because of the sea levels which are constantly growing.
Specialists hope that the process of reducing HFCs won’t be difficult. The substances are man-made, so controlling the production should be easy. On the other hand, another question should be answered, namely what other elements or means would be used instead of HFCs.
For the time being, no less than one hundred countries voted in favor of the reduction. Many of them are in Africa and the European Union. Officials are aware that stable states can control HFCs without an economic imbalance. However, developing states might face some problems, which is why they have more time to come up with a proper plan.
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