IBM scientists have resolved a problem with nanotubes and carbon-based processors that was standing in the way of an appealing technological innovation. This revolutionary idea would be capable to maintain the processing sector’s amazing rate of progress.
The progress of computer systems from room-sized mainframes to mobile phones fitting in wallets has focused on processors that are becoming smaller and running quicker. The miniaturization that is a main factor for to these developments, though, is experiencing serious technological problems. This is because hardware elements can get down to devices of atomic sizes.
This week, IBM released several analysis results that prove how miniaturization will keep improving, the $3 billion dollars study attempting to develop processor using a base of carbon nanotubes. A nanotube is an empty tube whose surfaces are created from just one layer of atomic carbon elements connected into hexagonal lattice models. It looks exactly like a very small roll of wire, but it is approximately 5,000 times smaller than a hair.
These cutting-edge discoveries show how the technology can transform our life and scientists believe it might occur in several years, even sooner than we think. For instance, microscopic probes will help doctors treat different health problems and prevent possible complications.
Producing processors that are smaller and faster is the secret to maintaining the tech sector’s decades-long rate of development known as Moore’s Law. These improvements, with new processor productions coming at every three years, have offered top computer systems to our workstations, mobile devices and now smart watches. It has helped search engines to analyze a countless number of websites and allowed Facebook to identify our friends in images. But this improvement is slowly reduced, and if it were to stop, the majority of future processing concepts would not get a chance to be further developed.
IBM’s new strategy is great news for experts and users alike. They have made an excellent p[progress in this domains, but a lot more efforts have to be made to create realistic nanotubes.
The whole microprocessor market is trying to discover a direction beyond modern problems, but IBM has a specific department for nanotube development. Eventually, it wants nanotubes to be integrated into all processors and into all devices from huge super-computers to the smallest computer systems appearing in unusual locations, like outfit stores and dining places.
Today’s processor transistors are created from basic silicon, using the advantage that, in different circumstances, it either conducts electrical current or not. Carbon nanotubes have these „semiconductor” characteristics that allow them to act as an on-off switch and can process complex information.
What IBM has realized is a better method to link those nanotubes to other microprocessors, so they can direct electrical current when are turned on. Before that, a great level of resistance ceased electrons from streaming, but IBM completed a circuit that can connect each part of the nanotubes to the steel molybdenum. The ties themselves are little and this is an essential aspect in making processor circuits that are getting smaller and smaller.
Image source: Tasc-nt.com