Researchers from the McMaster University have found that 9 out of 10 stroke cases can be prevented if people are aware of the risks.
It means that strokes are preventable almost always. Middle-income and low-income groups have the highest disability and death rate due to stroke based on the statistics.
According to Dr. Martin O’Donnell, study author and main investigator for the Population Health Research Institute (PHRI) at McMaster University, 90 percent of the stroke cases among men and women throughout the United States were related to ten modifiable risk factors investigated by scientists.
At the end of the study, the findings showed that hypertension is the leading cause of strokes. If people become more aware of this fact and hypertension is tackled, the stroke rates will be reduced by a staggering 48 percent.
But the risk of strokes originates from many other factors including high cholesterol (27 percent), stress (6 percent), alcohol consumption (6 percent), diabetes (4 percent), cardiac causes (9 percent), smoking (12 percent), poor diet (19 percent), and lack of physical activity (36 percent).
Scientists underline that these risk factors might vary based on the region. For example, Southeast Asia and Australia have a 60 percent risk of strokes due to hypertension, whereas North America and Western Europe have a 40 percent risk.
The risk of stroke from the lack of physical activity is more present in China. According to Dr. Salim Yusuf, co-author of the study and medicine professor at McMaster’s Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, this information will be spread throughout the world so that people will become aware of the modifiable risks of stroke.
Also, many educational and medical programs will be developed in order to help people deal with this issue better. These programs will include affordable medication for dyslipidemia and hypertension, tobacco-free initiatives, affordable healthy food, and health education.
Physical exercises and an excellent diet are the two most important aspects, besides sleep when it comes to life quality. Previous studies have shown that people who keep their brain active and stick to a healthy diet have a significantly lower risk of developing various health conditions including cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and Alzheimer’s.
If people become more aware of the stroke risks, there will be fewer deaths every year, and the world’s population will be healthier as well. Scientists will continue their investigation so that their work will eventually pay off.
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