According to a new study (State of the World’s Plant), scientists will be able to determine how many plant species are discovered and how many become extinct every year.
They aim to better understand the causes that lead to this extinction and to preserve, improve and protect the entire plant ecology. Nowadays climate change affects the way plants behave and forests are sadly converted into agricultural land as a way of producing food.
Until now, 391,000 vascular plants species have been reported. Moreover, Brasil in on the top of the list thanks to its vast rainforests where the highest number of new plants are annual discovered. In spite of this, 21 percent of global plant species are on the verge of extinction.
According to the science director at the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, Kathy Willis, it’s still an improvement that 2,000 species of plants, that play a significant role in fuel, food and drugs industries are discovered each year.
On the other hand, it’s sad that cultural activity has changed the cover of the land. The 80 scientists involved in this study will try to find a better solution to save the plants. Their documents show that 31,128 plant types are presently used in various ways.
Around 17,810 serve for the medicine field and the rest of them are used mainly for materials, fuel, human and animal food. Another interesting fact is that plants are also used for materials and textiles vital to construct a building.
Thanks to this research, botanists can easily find the locations where there is the absolute need to protect and preserve the plants, but it’s still too early to determine where climate change will strike next. The land-cover has changed by 10 percent during the last ten years which leads to a critical perspective regarding the future.
Africa is the most affected continent until now, as 30 percent of the land used to grow bananas and maize will not remain viable for the next 80 years. Even worse, another 60 percent of the land that is used to grow beans will soon become unfit. Only a few crops, such as cassava and yams, will resist a little bit longer, meaning that they are important targets for this study and a good future investment for the food industry.
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