A new report that was released on Monday reveals that new weather phenomena like El Nino are going to result into very hot years:
“It looks very likely that globally 2014, 2015 and 2016 will all be amongst the very warmest years ever recorded… This is not a fluke. We are seeing the effects of energy steadily accumulating in the Earth’s oceans and atmosphere, caused by greenhouse gas emissions,” said one of the researchers who contributed to the report, Rowan Sutton, from the National Center for Atmospheric Science.
The report also takes into account the main factors that contribute to climate change. It seems that carbon emissions have, by far, the highest impact.
Researchers are also very worried about the increasingly rapid pace at which temperatures are rising all over the world. According to most scientists, global warming is man-made, even if some argue that natural causes are resulting in such dramatic changes and that some data might be flawed.
However, the massive pollution, along with the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation have had devastating consequences on the weather as well. A new El Nino is threatening to amplify these effects, as the water temperature in the Pacific is expected to grow considerably over the following decade.
Very dry conditions are expected in Asia, Australia and Northern Africa. El Ninos have also occurred in 1982 and 1997. These phenomena usually affect tropical storms and increase temperatures.
The higher temperatures of the ocean will cause many fish to die and will start melting ice caps, leading to a very worrying increase of sea level all over the world. It is estimated whole regions and coastal cities are going to disappear due to this increase in the future.
Even if natural phenomena does occur quite frequently and may have an impact on climate change, it is the increasing greenhouse gases that have the biggest influence, according to Experts like Stephen Belcher, the chief of the Met Office Hadley Centre.
Therefore, we need to start taking action as soon as possible, before the whole situation becomes irreversible.
Image Source: nationalgeographic/a>